Artist’s movement De Ploeg (‘The Plough’) was founded in 1918 by amongst others the painters Jan Wiegers (1893-1959), Johan Dijkstra (1896-1978) and Jan Jordens (1883-1962) in the Northern city of Groningen.
De Ploeg tried to plough the field of the arts after the First World War.
Its centenary is especially celebrated in Groningen this year, but the Gemeentemuseum in The Hague has presently made a very fine selection of its collection of graphic works by De Ploeg’s founding and pre-War members.
From 1921 onwards De Ploeg was heavily influenced by German Expressionism, especially by Kirchner’s works.
Although some members, notably the great printmaker H. N. Werkman (1882-1945), had good international contacts, De Ploeg never became an internationally renowned movement , like De Stijl, probably also because it had no clear manifesto or influential periodical.
Apart from people like Werkman the movement became more conservative toward the Second World War.
Today De Ploeg in name still exists, but its members, though fine professionals, with their moderately modernist style are a far cry indeed from the movement’s revolutionary roots.
[Click on the pictures to enlarge]
© Villa Next Door 2018
Content of all photographs courtesy to the Gemeentemusem, Den Haag